- Human neutrophils are purified from whole blood of healthy donors sourced from a world-renowned blood center
- Greater than 90% post-selection purity achieved via negative magnetic isolation
- Carefully cryopreserved to ensure high viability (> 90%) upon thawing
- All orders come with an iQ Certificate of Analysis
- Normally ships out same business day
Purified Human Neutrophils
Neutrophils are the most abundant type of granulocytes and white blood cells in the human. They are part of the innate immune system and make up one of the three members of the polymorphonuclear cell family, along with basophils and eosinophils. These short-lived cells are often implicated as one of the first responders to microbial infections in which they migrate to the site of entry and begin to secrete chemokines and cytokines. This promotes the recruitment of other immune cells to resolve the infection.
Once at the site of entry, one of the functions of neutrophils is to phagocytose foreign entities. This process may be passive ingestion of the microbe or through opsonization, which is the phagocytosis of objects coated with antibodies. This process is mediated by Fc receptors expressed on the neutrophil. Once inside the neutrophil, the foreign entity is destroyed in phagosomes.
Another function of neutrophils is the degranulation of antimicrobial proteins. These proteins are contained in granules that are secreted after activation of the neutrophil, and lead to destruction of microbes.
Application Summary for Human Neutrophils
Purified human neutrophils are a good source of cells to study its role in the immune response. They can be used in functional studies to assess neutrophil response to stimuli, such as bacteria, in the presence of molecules that may promote or reduce function. In these experiments, neutrophils are cultured in the presence of the stimuli and molecules, followed by interrogation of chemokines and cytokines. Additionally, phagocytosis studies can be performed to assess the ingestion of microbes. There are also reports that indicate neutrophils have cytotoxic capabilities. Therefore, cytotoxicity of foreign objects can also be assessed. Finally, neutrophils can be used in migration assays to study their movement in the presence of soluble factors.
Recently, neutrophils have also been shown to have anti-cancer abilities. Therefore, many biotechnology companies are developing molecules to take advantage of these findings. Similar experiments as described above can be performed with neutrophils co-cultured with tumor cell lines in the presence of therapeutic molecules. This is followed by examination of soluble factors and/or cytotoxicity.
Human Neutrophil Enrichment
Collection of samples
Whole blood from verified healthy donors were obtained at a world-renowned blood center.
Isolation of Human Neutrophils
To isolate human neutrophils by the negative selection method, whole blood was incubated in a test tube with antibodies that specifically bind to non-neutrophils, and then subsequently subjected to a magnet. The non-neutrophils bound to the magnet through the test tube wall, while neutrophils, which did not bind to the magnet, were decanted into a fresh test tube. The purified neutrophils were then washed to remove excess buffers.
Following enrichment, a small aliquot of cells was taken to test for post-sort purity by flow cytometry analysis. Purity of neutrophils, as defined by CD16+CD45+CD66b+ expression, was > 98% (Figure 1).
Figure 1. Purity of neutrophils after negative magnetic isolation from whole blood. Whole blood was incubated with antibodies against non-neutrophils and subjected to negative magnetic isolation. A small aliquot was taken after selection to evaluate post-sort purity by CD16, CD45, and CD66b. Percent of CD45+ cells after isolation (left), and percent of CD16+CD66b+ cells in the CD45+ population (right) is shown.
Validation of Function
Isolated neutrophils were also tested for function using a migration assay. In these experiments, cryopreserved isolated human neutrophils were thawed, resuspended, and incubated in a 3 uM pore size transwell plate to measure migration towards FBS as a chemoattractant. Cell lysis and subsequent CyQuantGR ™ fluorescent-labeling of DNA was used to calculate the number of neutrophils that migrated across the transwell. Cell migration of cultures with 1% FBS and no serum control are shown in Figure 2.
Figure 2. Migration of purified CD16+CD45+CD66b+ neutrophils. Cryopreserved human neutrophils were thawed, resuspended in serum free media, and incubated for 24 hours at 37C, 5% CO2 in a 3 uM pore size migration transwell plate to measure migration towards 1% FBS as a chemoattractant, or serum free media as a control. Cell lysis and subsequent CyQuantGRTM fluorescent-labeling of DNA was used to calculate the number of neutrophils that migrated across the transwell. Number of migrated cells in cultures with 1% FBS or no serum control are shown.
Cryopreservation and Storage
Our purified neutrophils were cryopreserved carefully using iQ Biosciences’ cryopreservation protocol that ensures high viability (> 90%) after thawing.
Cells should be stored at < -120°C once they are received, such as within a liquid nitrogen tank (vapor phase).
Quality Control Process
We implement random sampling per lot to test for viability and cell counts to ensure they meet specifications, which are recorded on the Certificate of Analysis that is included with each shipment. Cell counts are obtained using a manual hemocytometer and then cross-referenced with an automated cell counter. Each lot is also characterized for unique cell populations by immunophenotyping, in which the results are also recorded on the Certificate of Analysis.
We are Committed to Ethical Practices
iQ Biosciences’ human primary cell products are lawfully obtained in accordance with Local, State, and Federal U.S. requirements, and the collection of cells complies with ethical requirements. Our cells are obtained from normal or disease patient volunteers participating in a donor program that is approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB) or Human Subject Committee. A signed and witnessed consent form is obtained from donor volunteers prior to starting the collection protocol. Strict controls on personal identifiers of volunteers are in place in order to protect their privacy.
For US customers, we ship via FedEx Overnight Shipping. Shipping charges will vary per shipping address (based on ZIP code) and are estimated to be $110.
For international (non-US) customers, we work closely with you and our couriers to ensure all necessary documentation is in place for international shipments to significantly reduce the chance of delays at Customs. For the export of non-human primate samples, this includes preparing CITES permits, as well as any other documentation as required by country. Please submit an inquiry to firstname.lastname@example.org for your estimated time of delivery and shipping charges.