About the Rhesus Monkey (or Rhesus Macaque)
The rhesus macaque is one of the most commonly utilized non-human primates in biomedical research. They are employed in numerous research areas, such as immunology, neuroscience, oncology, infectious disease, and toxicology due to their physiology.
Rhesus Macaque Monkey CD8 T Cells
Rhesus CD8 T cells make up approximately 8-28% of PBMCs in a typical adult monkey. These cells carry the CD8 protein marker and the T cell receptor (TCR), which recognizes foreign antigens presented by major histocompatibility complex class I molecules on antigen presenting cells to activate them.
CD8 T cells develop in the thymus to become mature T cells and exit the thymus to reside and encounter foreign pathogens in lymphoid tissues.
When activated, CD8 T cells become cytotoxic cells that can lyse infected or transformed cells.
CD8 T Cell Application Summary
Purified rhesus CD8 T cells are a good source of cells to study the biology of CD8 T cells and their role in the immune system. They can be used for a variety of stimulation-dependent functional experiments to assess cytotoxicity and proliferation.
With the current trend toward development of immuno-modulatory drugs, purified rhesus CD8 T cells are an ideal source of cells to test cytotoxic T cell response in the presence of therapeutic molecules. More importantly, rhesus T cells can be used to assess toxicity and safety characteristics of these biologics in the presence of CD8 T cell activation before first in-human trials. These cells are commonly employed in pre-clinical settings to ensure biologics are not eliciting unwanted functions, specifically from CD8 T cells.
The negative isolation of CD8 T cells leaves them untouched without any antibody binding to cell surface markers that may influence function. This method leaves all cell surface proteins eligible to be bound to antibodies or other molecules for functional or population characterization studies.
In contrast, positive isolation of CD8 T cells may lead to internalization of the marker that was used to isolate the cells. In most cases, these markers are only used for identification purposes and may not have any effect on function, but it will depend on the organism and function. Therefore, cells isolated using this method may also be employed for functional or population characterization studies with the knowledge that the isolation marker may be internalized and not present.
CD8 T Cell Purification
Collection of samples
Rhesus PBMCs were sourced from a responsible third party vendor that operate according to local regulations and laws.
Isolation of Rhesus CD8 T cells
To enrich for rhesus CD8 T cells by the negative isolation method, PBMCs were incubated with antibodies against CD4 T cells, B cells, NK cells, dendritic cells, monocytes, granulocytes, and erythrocytes, and subsequently subjected to a magnet. Cells labeled with the antibodies bound to the magnet through the test tube wall, while unlabeled cells, the CD8 T cells, were decanted into a fresh tube to obtain the enriched population.
For the positive selection method, PBMCs were incubated in a test tube with antibodies against a CD8 T cell-specific marker and subsequently subjected to a magnet, similar to negative isolation. However, the cells that were decanted into the fresh test tube were the non-CD8 T cells, which can be used for other purposes, while the labeled CD8 T cells were left bound to the magnet through the test tube wall. The test tube was then removed from the magnet to release the purified CD8 T cells directly into the test tube.
Cryopreservation and storage
Purified CD8 T cells were cryopreserved carefully using iQ Biosciences’ cryopreservation protocol that ensures high viability (> 90%) after thawing.
Cells should be stored at < -120 °C once they are received, such as within a liquid nitrogen tank (vapor phase).